James Maxwell, of course, but you probably wouldn’t know about them without Oliver Heaviside. Heaviside was the guy who distilled Maxwell’s 20 Equations down to the 4 famous ones we all know. He simplified them, refined them and published them in a better, more easily understood form. And that was all back in the late Nineteenth Century.
Ars Technica is running an interesting and comprehensive look at the history of USB technology, its challengers over the years, as well as what is coming next to replace it. In an industry as devoted to The Newest/Fastest Thing, it truly is a formidable victory that this connector has been around so long:
… USB isn’t without its problems, but it’s managed to gain and keep wide support from technology companies, and the basic USB Type-A connector found on most computers has stayed the same size and shape for close to 20 years. Considering the patchwork of interfaces it came to replace, that’s no small feat.